• Publikacija_3_PREDNJA_03.jpgDate start 15.04.2021.Analyses

    A brief history of citizens’ views on the dialogue between Belgrade and Priština. What has (not) changed?

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  • Privatizmi.jpgDate start 12.12.2022.Analyses

    Serb Community Outlook on Privatization in Kosovo

    Besides the traditional challenges following every privatization of state and socially owned enterprises and property in transitional economies, this process in Kosovo faced additional hardships, reflected in an ambiguous legal framework, issues in establishing the ownership over the property of enterprises subject to privatization, but also many other situations exclusive to Kosovo. UNMIK Mission in Kosovo was established following the adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/1999, and it took upon itself to build the legal system and institutions, as well as to manage public, state and socially owned property of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Republic of Serbia. All these years, but also after the unilateral declaration of Kosovo independence, privatization has been one of the most controversial public policies in this area, against which legal disagreements and different interests collided, influencing the deepening of mistrust in relations between the Serb community and Kosovo institutions. This paper provides a historical overview of the legal and institutional instruments for privatization in Kosovo before and after the declaration of independence, as well as the repercussions of this process in Serb areas. It should also be noted that this analysis is one of the few publications on the subject of privatization in Serb areas in Kosovo. Lack of similar publications, among others, is directly related to the issue of availability of publically accessible information, necessary to develop a comprehensive study that would do justice to this topic.

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  • POBEDA_Cover_front_SER_01.jpgDate start 13.06.2017.Reports

    Environmental protection and economic development in Kosovo

    Environmental protection is one of the most important legacies of the modern society, closely connected to socio-economic development, the quality of life, and the prosperity of future generations. An increase in population and industrial growth has caused an endangered position of the surrounding nature, which is why the need for environmental protection has become a phenomenon, seeking a global answer. Therefore, public policies focusing on environmental protection are becoming more complex, and the number of institutions implementing them or monitoring the enforcement of relevant regulations is increasing to the extent which requires significant resources often beyond the state budgets, especially in developing countries. Environmental protection also affects the economy, primarily in the field of application of complex regulations, which certainly is a burden for business operations of small and medium-sized enterprises, and especially for the newly-established ones. On the other hand, the implementation of public policies in the field of environmental protection also opens up the possibility of economic valorisation in terms of private sector development and job creation. Starting from the fact that among entrepreneurs, local self-governments and even among citizens there is a lot of misunderstanding of the regulations in the field of environmental protection, especially in the north of Kosovo, where knowledge of Kosovo's legislation is poor, the Institute for Territorial Economic Development (InTER) has launched the project “Policy Dialogue for Environmental Protection and Development Action” in order to encourage discussion and raise the importance of this issue in the society.

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  • 2017_Characteristics_of_Roma_Entrepreneurship_in_Serbia_1_page_001.jpgDate start 20.02.2017.Analyses

    Characteristics of Roma Entrepreneurship in Serbia

    Characteristics of Roma Entrepreneurship in Serbia is an academic paper based on the results of the research with the same name, implemented in 2016. The paper’s objective is to show the importance of the development of Roma entrepreneurship for the solutions to economic and social problems of this ethnic group. The survey of 45 registered Roma entrepreneurs on the territory of the Republic of Serbia revealed that the majority are engaged in service provision, agriculture, manufacturing industry and waste recycling. The Roma are most often owners of microenterprises, which are usually family businesses. Roma entrepreneurs primarily operate on the local market, where revenues they generate are significantly lower than the revenues generated by other businesses. By gender, Roma entrepreneurs are mostly men. On average, they are insufficiently educated and trained to run a business, as suggested by the census data indicating that one out of three Roma people has primary education, and only 11.5% a secondary education. One of the most important problems faced by the Roma in business is obtaining finance. Another significant problem encountered by Roma entrepreneurs is related to high labour taxes and contributions, while other problems include insufficient knowledge about laws and procedures, grey economy, unstable prices of agricultural products, weak purchasing power of buyers, consumers’ prejudice, etc. In order to develop Roma entrepreneurship, it is necessary to ensure a more significant financial assistance to the existing and potential Roma entrepreneurs from public and donor funds, to look into the possibility of introducing new mechanisms to finance entrepreneurial activities among the Roma, provide different types of non-financial support to Roma entrepreneurs, support associations and promote entrepreneurship. The paper was published in the journal “Ekonomika preduzeća”, No. 7-8/2016 pp. 414-424.

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